Salem was founded in 1802, and the first charter was granted in 1806 to "The Town of Salem in the County of Botetourt."
The present charter was granted by the General Assembly in 1968, upon petition of the now City of Salem, to reflect the necessary change since Salem has become a City.
The community of Salem also has a large interest in athletics and has become known as "Virginia's Championship City." It is home to the Salem Red Sox, a High Class-A affiliate to the Boston Red Sox, and The Amos Alonzo Stagg Bowl, the NCAA Division III Football Championship game, which is held at Salem Football Stadium.
Salem's success in holding these events led the NCAA to also move the NCAA Men's Division III Basketball Championship and the NCAA Division III Volleyball Championship to the Salem Civic Center and the Women's NCAA Division II Softball Championship to the James I. Moyer Sports Complex.
The city hosts several other statewide, regional, and national sporting events at its facilities. These events are attracted by the city's hospitality, modern facilities and overall support.
Salem is also the home of Roanoke College - a four-year liberal arts college that has been named one of the best colleges in America by the Princeton Review and Forbes Magazine.
Situated in the Shenandoah Valley between the Alleghany and Blue Ridge Mountains on the Roanoke River, Salem possesses all the beauty and grandeur that nature can bestow.
Population: 24,802 (as of 2010 Census)
Education: 4 Public Elementary Schools, 1 Public Middle School, 1 Public High School - Salem High School District: 6th & 9th Congressional Districts
Income (Per Capita): $35,140
Type of Government: City Council & Manger
Land Area: 14.6 square miles